Jesus made a profound statement concerning one who has been well instructed in the things of the kingdom of heaven. He will be seen to be one who brings out of his treasure things both new and old.
Matthew 13:52 “Then said he unto them, Therefore every scribe which is instructed unto the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is a householder, which bringeth forth out of his treasure things new and old.”
The amplified version makes very clear the thoughts being communicated here.
“Therefore every teacher and interpreter of the Sacred Writings who has been instructed about and trained for the kingdom of heaven and has become a disciple is like a householder who brings forth out of his storehouse treasure that is new and [treasure that is] old [the fresh as well as the familiar]”
A proper interpretation of the Sacred writings will amount to bringing out things both fresh and familiar. A combination of the old and new. A demonstration of the authenticity of the origin of the Book through its consistency. Showing clearly that what we see and teach today was spoken of somewhere almost 2,000 years ago. Such a powerful witness that God is not an author of confusion and that the origin of all scripture is consistent.
How can the same person be behind a book and it all appears disjointed with no real connection. How did Paul come about his revelation of God and the mystery of redemption? It was through the scriptures and we must understand that the only known scriptures at the time he told Timothy “all Scripture is given by the inspiration of God” was a reference to what we term old testament.
He attested to the field where he found the treasure when he said in Romans 16:25-27.
“Now to him that is of power to establish you according to my gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery, which was kept secret since the world began, But now is made manifest, and by the scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the everlasting God, made known to all nations for the obedience of faith:”
The gospel was made manifest (clear) to Paul by the scriptures of the prophets. Peter also said that “no prophecy of scripture is of private interpretation for prophecy came not of old by the will of man but men spoke as moved by the Holy Spirit”. Paul said also that the righteousness of God without the law is now made manifest but it was witnessed by the law and the prophets.
Romans 3:21 But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets;
We don’t need to keep the letter of the law to obtain this righteousness but even the law witnesses to the fact that there will be righteousness without it. In order words, if you understood the intent of the books referred to as the law you will see they spoke about this righteousness we have obtained by faith in Christ only.
Paul as a wise scribe in teaching the new covenant used the old to establish it. Scripture says the law was the shadow of the things to come. “The things to come” The law was simply its shadow. In order words, the law was a dark outlined image of the new covenant. It wasn’t the substance but the outline. The features of the covenant could not be seen in detail but the outline was there.
Now a shadow isn’t very clear but you cannot see the shadow of a dog and someone brings out a rabbit as the thing casting the shadow and you will agree. Even though the shadow doesn’t give the colour of the dog etc but it is not that you now pull out a rabbit. In the new covenant, the veil is removed and we can now see the very image of those things.
Hebrews 10:1 “For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect.”
“For if he were on earth, he should not be a priest, seeing that there are priests that offer gifts according to the law: Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount.”
2 Corinthians 3:13-14
“And not as Moses, which put a veil over his face, that the children of Israel could not stedfastly look to the end of that which is abolished: But their minds were blinded: for until this day remaineth the same vail untaken away in the reading of the old testament; which vail is done away in Christ.”